الحمل والولادة


Hepatology and gastroenterology (2014)


التمريض



GIT 12/2016
1- First question :
a- Define the following:
-chronic hepatitis   -cirrhosis  - portal hypertension
b- What is the management of ascites
c- Describe the clinical picture liver cell failure.
2- Second questions :
a-What are the risk factors of gall bladder dtone formation.
b. write short notes on pancreatitis
3-Third question:
a. What is the management of peptic ulcer
b. What is treatment of
1-ascariasis    2- Giardiasis
c. Writ a short note on ulcerative colitis

2014

Give account on

1- Mode of transmission of viral hepatitis.

2- Nursing care of hepatic encephalopathy

3- Causes of non infectious colitis.

4- Causes  and nursing care of liver cirrhosis

5- Typical and atypical manifestation of GERD.



(2012)

Give  full account on :

Definition ,mechanisms , precipitating factor and treatment of hepatic encephalopathy.  (10 degrees)

2- Discuss the risk factor and prognosis of viral hepatitis. 3- Give account on:

a- Complication of peptic ulcer. (4 degrees)

b. Pathogenesis and clinical picture of intestinal schistosomiasis . (4 degrees)

c- Causes of colitis (4 degrees)



(2011)

Give account on :

A-Causes and clinical picture of hepatocellular jaundice.

B- Manifestations of liver cell failure   (30 marks)





2008))

1)Discuss causes, clinical picture and treatment of ascites.

2)Give an account on intestinal causes and investigation of steatorrhea.









GASRRO-ENTEROLOGY  HEPATOLOGY2007



Give account of :

1- Portal hypertension.

2-virus hepatitis



GASRRO-ENTEROLOGY  HEPATOLOGY2006                          



Answer the following questions:



1) acute viral hepatitis.



2) Epigastric pain



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Chest and cardiology 12/2016
Answer all the following questions
First question
a-Definition of bronchial asthma
b- Factors influencing the development of bronchial asthma

second question :
a-Definition of respiratory failure
b- Clinical picture of respiratory failure

Third question
Investigations for a case of angina pectoris


Cardio pulmonary 2015



1- An ABG sample was taken and sent for analysis and the following results obtained

Pao2  50mm Hg

Paco2   60mm Hg

HCO3   30 ml eq/I

What is the expected PH ?       (5marks)

What is your diagnosis ?           (5marks)

2-Complication of respiratory failure (20 marks)

3-Investigative tools of cardiac case (20 marks)



Cardio  pulmonary 2014       

1-How to perform arterial gas analysis

2- Nursing care of patient admitted ICU because of respiratory  failure.

3- Clinical picture of angina


Cardio  pulmonary 2013       

1-Pulmonary causes of dyspnea

2-Routes of transmission of pulmonary  TB

3- Clinical presentation of ischemic heart disease


Cardiology2005

All question to be answered:

1- causes , clinical picture and treatment of acute pulmonary edema .

2-Diagnosis and treatment of supraventricular tachycardia.

3-managment of shock patient.





2006

Give an account on :

1- Prophylaxis of rheumatics fever.

2-drugs treatment of hypertension.

3- Initial approach of acute coronary syndrome.

4-Diagnostic approach syncope.

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Internal medicine (25/12/2016)

Answer only three the following
1- Hypoglycemic coma I diabetic patients(causes, clinical picture , investigation and treatment
2- Causes , clinical picture and investigation of hyperthyroidism
3-Acute nephritic syndrome (causes ,clinical picture , complication and investigation
4- Iron deficiency anemia : (Causes , clinical picture and investigation )

Internal medicine2014

Answer the following questions:

1- Define shock and enumerate its types and causes? 10M

2- Define degeneration and write shortly about cloudy swelling.10M

3- Write short note about grading and staging of tumors. 10M

4- What are the differences between necrosis and apoptosis? 10M

5- Define granuloma and enumerate its types. 10M

6- Case study: 10M

20 Years old age presented with small cut wound in the left hand by a sharp knife during preparing dinner for her father.

1- What is the type of healing in this wound? 2M

2- Enumerate steps of wound healing in this case?. 4M

3- Mention 3 possible complications of wound healing. 4M



2013

1- Mention acute complication of  D.M … Discuss one of them.

2- Clinical picture and diagnosis of hypothyroidism .

3- Assessment of glomerular and tubular function of the kidney .

4- Hematuria .

5- Causes and diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia .

6-  Causes and diagnosis of generalized lymphadenopathy.



Internal medicine (2015)

1- Male patient 4 years old developed acute onset pallor and dark discoloration of urine ( a cute hemolysis) after ingestion of fava beans.

(a) What is the causes of condition?

(b) Mention 4 drugs can precipitate this condition ?

(c ) How can you investigate a case of acute hemolytic  anemia?

(d) Give short notes on hypersplenism?



2- Male patient 15 years old presented by few days of polyuria , polydipsia , nausea and vomiting then he become dehydrate hyperventilated and developed coma . Investigation revealed random blood sugar (RBS) 390 mg/dl and positive ketone bodies in his urine .

(A) Which type of D.M this patient has?

(B) Enumerate causes of diabetic coma ?

(C) How to investigate causes of D.M?

(D) Give a short note on clinical picture, investigation and complication of DKA.



3- Female patient 55 years old hypertensive and has history of type 2 D.M for 15 years complicated by diabetic nephropathy . Here creatinine  is 6mg/dl, blood urea was 220 mg/dl and hyperkalemia .

(A) Enumerate 5 causes of chronic renal failure .

(B) Is this patient need for dialysis ?and why?

(C) Give a short notes on hemodialysis indication ,contraindication and complication.

4- Clinical picture and investigation of acute viral hepatitis.

5- Treatment and precipitating factors of hepatic encephalopathy.


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